Timeline of the History of Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski

[Selected Dates and Events]

Based on the research in Polish by Wojtek Mazan (excerpts translated from Polish) and additional sources.  

1657- First Mention of the Jewish Cemetery In Ostrowiec
1662 – Registers show that in Ostrowiec there are 304 Christians and 81 Jews
1740 – Israel Z Kozienic (D. 1814) called the Magid, a pioneer of the Hasidic movement in Central Poland, is born
1787 - 1,033 Christians and 354 Jews live in Ostrowiec
1810 - Ostrowiec has 318 houses and 1,608 inhabitants (including 985 Jews)
1820 - Ostrowiec has 225 houses and 1,512 inhabitants (including 903 Jews)
1827 - Ostrowiec has 270 houses and 1,913 residents (in including 1039 Jews)

1842 - Population: 3,396 (including 2579 Jews)
1860 - Population: 3,366 (including 2675 Jews)
1890 - Population: 5,480 (including 4,677 Jews)
1897 - Population: 9,748 (including 6,146 Jews)

1904 – July 8-9, Anti-Jewish riots in Ostrowiec, agreement for financing the construction of military barracks in Ostrowiec by the Jewish kehilla
1910 – Population: 13,913 (including 8122 Jews)
1921 - Population: 19,705 (including 10095 Jews)
1931 - Population 25,908 (including 9881 Jews)
1939 - Population: 30,071 (including 1,109 Jews)
1940 - the Jewish Council (Judenrat) was appointed by the Germans and Jews are ordered to wear a band with the Star of David

1941 – April, Creation of a separate Jewish district by the Germans, a so-called large ghetto.

1942 - April, The Night of the Slaughter

1942 - October 11-12,  Great Selection/Action in the Ostrowiec ghetto: shooting by the Germans of about 1,000 Jews, deportation of 11,000 Jews to the concentration camp in Treblinka, and the creation by the Germans of a small labor camp for Jews, called the small ghetto, in a portion of the former ghetto

1943 – the liquidation of the small ghetto, the creation of a Jewish labor camp at Zaklady Ostrowiecki.
1944 – July 3, the AK (Armia Krajowa/ Home Army)'s squad commanded the Jewish labor camp at Zaklady Ostrowiecki
1945 – May, in Ostrowiec, there are 193 Jews who survived the Holocaust